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About the Philippines – the country, islands, and the philippine people

The Philippines is a state in the Pacific Ocean. The republic of the Philippines has 1 of the greatest populations in the environment. The state is an archipelago of a substantial group of islands surrounded by crystal clear drinking water and beautiful and one of a kind coral reefs. Of the 7,107 islands in the Philippines the greatest is Luzon, at 105 square kilometres and just in excess of fifty percent of the islands in the state have names, and only 350 islands are greater than two and a 50 percent kilometres square. The tallest mountain selection can be identified on the island of Luzon the Cordillera Central the best of the mountain reaches in excess of 2743 square meters. The tallest mountain peak can be identified on the 2nd greatest island in the state Mindanao. Mount Apo rises 2956 meters tall. Like numerous other mountains in the state Mount Apo is an energetic volcano. Luzon is also the internet site of the money of Manila the greatest and most critical Philippine town. Manila has a port that stretches all over Manila bay for hundreds of a long time Manila bay has been the country’s heart of shipping and trade. The Visayas make up the center aspect of the Philippine islands. The greatest islands in the Visayas include things like Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Negros, and Panay Mindanao is an Philippine island in the south of the state and the 2nd greatest island in the Philippines the island measures ninety four,seven hundred square kilometres.


The islands

The Philippine islands ended up shaped by volcanoes and are aspect of a mountain chain that is typically underneath drinking water. The inside of most of the islands have numerous rugged mountains with dense rain forest and since of the frequent rain slide there are numerous rivers streams and waterfalls that frequently surge down the mountain sides. Simply because of the dense mountain rainforest and frequent rain slide the Philippines is endowed with stunning sceneries inside of the islands tropical rainforest majestic waterfalls magnificent caves and rock formations. Unfortunately a large amount of the rain forest is disappearing just before the Spanish arrived in the 1500 in excess of 90 percent of the Philippine islands ended up included in rain forest. To date the state has misplaced close to 1-3rd of its tropical rainforest. The rain forest has been employed and slash down for its timber and to clear land for farms and residences.

The coastline

With in excess of 7000 islands the state has a coast line additional than 36,300 kilometres in duration. The beach locations and coastline may differ throughout the state are very sandy in areas this kind of as Boracay which is famous for its beautiful picturesque tropical white sand beach locations. With tropical crops and palm trees increasing on these magnificent beach locations. On some island coast traces are very rocky in spot and in some areas you will locate grey white sand beach locations and substantial inland rivers that border with mangrove trees and swamps.

The rivers and lakes

Filipinos depend on new drinking water from rivers and lakes to irrigate their crops and particular day-to-day living requirements this kind of as consuming and washing. Pasig River is 1 of the greatest rivers in the state and flows through the money of Manila. In the north also on the island of Luzon the longest Philippine river that flows through the Central Cordilleras, the Cagayan River.


Simply because the state is sitting on the pacific ring of fireplace indicates the Philippines have a large amount of energetic Volcanoes. A single of the most famous volcanic eruptions come about in June 1991 in the north of Luzon for numerous hundreds of a long time Mount Pinatubo lay dormant. When Mount Pinatubo erupted additional than 1000 persons killed or injured and still left countless numbers of persons homeless. The explosion made a massive ash cloud that included additional than one hundred twenty five thousand square kilometres blanketing the region in ash rock and darkness. A single of the most energetic volcanoes in the Philippines is Mayo, also recognised as Mount Mayo this volcano has erupted forty eight times in the previous four hundred a long time. Mount Mayo found on the island of Luzon in the province of Albay. Mayon Volcano proclaimed a countrywide park in the 12 months 2003. The Mayo volcano is a perfectly formed cone that towers 2462 meters higher than the land. Mayon Past main eruption was in February 1814, when it wrecked three towns and included another two with volcanic ash and scorching larva about 1600 persons died thanks to this eruption.

The Philippine Individuals

For countless numbers of a long time numerous diverse varieties persons and nations have been aspect of the Philippines the final result is a state and persons with a one of a kind blend of numerous cultures. About 30,000 BC Stone Age persons settled in the Tabon caves on the island of Palawan the state was afterwards joined by the Negritos that arrived throughout land bridges from Borneo Indonesia, and Sumatra and centuries latter joined by readers from Malaya India china and the center east. Magellan was the initially European to established foot on the Philippines in 1521 Ferdinand Magellan explored the archipelago Magellan and most of his men ended up killed during the fight of Mactan on the Island of Cebu. Spain set up a long lasting settlement on the island of Cebu in 1565

Family members faith and training are very critical in Filipino tradition.

Climate living in the town or the state or on an isolated island spouse and children, faith and training are very extremely valued by nearly each and every 1 Filipinos have numerous positive values this kind of as respect for authority and a significant regard for the dignity of all the persons.


Most Filipinos hold strong spiritual beliefs they routinely just take aspect in spiritual ceremonies celebrate holy days with substantial festivals. The Spanish the place very effective in changing the Filipino to Christianity producing the Philippine the only Christian country in Asia Roman Catholic make up eighty five% of the populace, 5 % of the populace are Sunni Muslim’s the greatest no Christian group in the state. Most early Filipinos ended up animistic and worshiped ancestral sprits recognised as anitos they thought theses sprits lived in the mountains in the Trees Rivers and fields. A lot of Filipinos consider in ghost and witches (Multo) ghost and (mangkukulam) ghost. Roman Catholic belief performs an critical aspect in the day-to-day everyday living of most Filipinos.The Philippine persons worship Christ mother Mary and other holy persons named saints numerous Filipinos adorn their residences trics jeepneys boats colleges of images of Christ and mother Mary.

Close by islands and china introduced Islam to the Philippines currently there are various million Filipinos that abide by the faith of Islam. Some Filipinos follow Taoism which is a spiritual belief that originated in china the greatest Taoist temple in the Philippines is in Cebu.

The Filipino spouse and children

The Filipino spouse and children the simple models of the Philippine social organization which involves the father the mother and small children the bilateral extended spouse and children which incorporates all kinfolk of the Father and Mother. Of specific great importance the bond and unity shaped by the brothers and sisters. Filipino thinks of their spouse and children as a supply of energy and defense. It is not unconventional for single daughters and sons to dwell at home with their mothers and fathers, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. The spouse and children are very close and if anyone wants support other folks chip in and do what they can to support the spouse and children member in will need. The father-husband is the head of the spouse and children and is ordinarily unconditionally obeyed by his spouse and small children. The father function and duty is to satisfy the money wants of the spouse and children. The Filipino father is the major supply of discipline in the spouse and children and from time to time works by using corporal punishment on the two sons and daughters whilst corporal punishment employed on small children in the Philippines is now bit by bit receiving employed less and less thanks to the Philippine culture training and enforcing new values on raising small children. The small children a large amount of Filipino moms pamper their small children these has the result of prolonging the childhood of the small children they are not pushed or rushed into adulthood obligations and anticipations are held beneath the kid’s prospective this treatment and affection lavished upon the small children results in a experience of belonging and defense. As a final result the small children will generally add to parent’s money assistance and emotional assistance and defense. The conventional Filipino spouse and mother just take treatment of all the particulars to make sure the spouse and children functions as a living and loving organised spouse and children device. The mother is in charge of the home and all the particulars pertaining to the small children this kind of as cooking the spouse and children food viewing the small children are clothed and all set for school the having to pay of salary to the maids (ya -ya) and all other household expenses. Weird as it may possibly seem females share equivalent spot with guy in Philippine culture girl participation in professional perform and politics is totally approved this equality can be traced again to ancient Malayan custom.


Schooling Filipino small children go to six a long time of elementary school and 4 a long time of significant school. Lessons are taught in the Philipino, language tagalog and English the countrys major official languages. Far more than 90% of all elementary go to federal government colleges. From June until finally March Filipino small children commit their days at school classes get started all over 8 in the morning in the towns like Manila and from time to time all over 7 am in the rural areas just before classes get started the small children salute the flag and recite the pledge of allegiance. The Philippines has a very significant literacy rate which most persons in the state can read through and produce however thanks to the significant unemployment rate and the minimum salary paid out to reduced class employees this kind of as farmers and labours some small children have to fall out of school to perform and support to assistance their households and some small children go to colleges that do not have more than enough school provides and products this kind of as textbooks desks and chairs and pcs.


The Philippine for its languages Filipino English and Spanish there are 87 diverse main dialects ranging from Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Waray-waray, Kapampagan, and Panasinah. The English languages and the mass training of the English language has been an American contribution to the Filipino everyday living. English was introduced so diverse persons living in diverse pieces of the Philippines could recognize 1 another. The American declared English the state official language during the time they dominated the Philippines. In 1937 the Philippine federal government determined to substitute English with a language named Filipino also recognised as Tagalog the most widely spoken Philippine language specifically all over some of the main towns. Currently Filipino and English are the state official languages. In diverse pieces of the Philippines some time s you will Filipinos that can talk wherever up to 4 languages and some times additional specifically the persons who have traveled and lived in diverse pieces of the state. For instance theses Filipinos can talk the language from the region they grew up in and lived in as a kid they also can talk English and Tagalog and from time to time another language that is native to the place they dwell as an grownup or learnt as a kid. For instance English, Tagalog, Cebuano, Waray-Waray could be 4 languages a one Filipino can talk.

The persons conventional living

Half of the Philippine populace dwell in the state in the vicinity of mountains forest on small islands or on the plains there are numerous varieties of conventional residences Bahay kubo is a conventional rural home some time referred to as a nipa hut.The partitions and floors are created from bamboo and palms leaves the woven palm leaves are overlapped and drained down to timber or bamboo to variety the roof. Other persons in the state side dwell in picket home and other low-cost timber with iron and galvanised roofs.The additional rich state Filipino dwell in a larger sized extravagant contemporary home and properties are created from cement bricks and cement.On a large amount of Smaller Island and state areas the home has 1 major place with a number of parts of home furnishings and mats on the floor the place the spouse and children sleeps.The kitchen area is ordinarily in another place with a wooden burning stove and from time to time a small gas stove depending on how isolated the spouse and children is from the closest city. In the larger sized state towns numerous of the native properties have electrical power and some of them even have indoor plumbing but theses conveniences are rare in small villages whilst now additional and additional Smaller Islands and villages are getting electrical power but there is nevertheless a large amount of villages that do not. The Philippine persons that dwell in an region that does not have electrical power or indoor plumbing collect drinking water from a local community perfectly and burn up kerosene lamps for lights in the night

The people’s transportation

The initially persons who migrated to the Philippine islands employed barangays (boats). Now day’s inter island ships and ferries have been the best indicates of transportation of excellent and items from island to another persons also depend on these ships as ferries since the price of a plane ticket are very pricey for the very low profits households. Banca a slim picket boat with an out boat motor connected to the again. The boat has picket and bamboo frames extending from the two sides of the boats that purpose like platoons blocking the boat from tipping in excess of or capsizing. Early Filipinos employed these small boats to trade and get provides from neighboring islands.The larger sized banca boats are generally employed as persons ferries and substantial commercial fishing boats.The smaller sized banca boats are employed for smaller sized journeys in calmer drinking water. A conventional variety of transportation is the pedicabs a tricycle with a side cart this variety of transportation are nevertheless popular in some state towns and provinces specifically on the island of Leyte and Samar.

The Philippine jeepney

A Philippine icon king of the street proof of Philippine innovation the jeepney is a small bus created from jeeps still left driving by the US military. The jeeps the place transformed in to busses painted in vibrant glowing flamboyant colours and patterns and decorated with mirrors multi-colored lights and spiritual icons. The jeepney smaller sized brother the stainless steel jeep was created and produced for simple good reasons fisherman complained that seawater and the ecosystem was corroding their jeepneys. So in 1971 Tomas Araga invented and produced the initially jeep the jeep necessitates less routine maintenance since it is hard and does not rust. The jeep is an ideal Philippine auto since they are tailored to the one of a kind Philippine local climate specifically from the severe salt air and the unpredictable weather.